The impact of Collectivisation: During this period, the first purges were initiated targeting many people working for Gosplan. Look at the poster above However, many peasants resisted.
By some estimates, he was responsible for the deaths of 20 million people during his brutal rule. After the October Duma elections resulted in six Bolsheviks and six Mensheviks being elected, Stalin wrote articles calling for reconciliation between the two Marxist factions, for which he was criticised by Lenin.
Stalin described it as a new revolution from above. This plan was a revolution that intended to transform all aspects of society. Lenin became "Stalin's indispensable mentor". The former group considered that the NEP provided sufficient state control of the economy and sufficiently rapid development, while the latter argued in favour of more rapid development and greater state control, taking the view, among other things, that profits should be shared among all people, and not just among a privileged few.
The USSR at this stage had been devastated by the war. Huge expansion in industry created shortage of skilled workers by so growth of industry had to slow down In Stalin announced the plan had achieved its targets a year early and the 2nd plan was announced! Targets set by GOSPLAN state planning commission Targets were set for every industry, each region, each mine and factory, each foreman and even every worker!
The second plan employed incentives as well as punishments and the targets were eased as a reward for the first plan being finished ahead of schedule in only four years.
In reality much industry was directed towards defence. To demonstrate the superiority of communism over capitalism Western powers by proving that a modern USSR could out produce the leading capitalist nations. As was the case with the other five-year plans, the second was not as successful, failing to reach the recommended production levels in such areas as the coal and oil industries.
Stalin's Five-Year Plans helped transform the Soviet Union from an untrained society of peasants to an advanced industrial economy. Prioritising heavy industry created problems because there were huge shortage of consumer goods such as clothes Extraordinary targets set for workers.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. After Lenin died inStalin eventually outmaneuvered his rivals and won the power struggle for control of the Communist Party.
The Law on State Enterprise and the follow-up decrees about khozraschyot and self-financing in various areas of the Soviet economy were aimed at the decentralization to overcome the problems of the planned economy.
Twelfth plan, —[ edit ] See also: Self-sufficient and militarily strong socialist state 2. The Second 5-Year Plan: Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Any economic growth was interrupted in June when the German army invaded Russia. Such rapid growth of towns created shortages — so rationing was introduced.
As a result, there was greater equality between men and women in Russia than other countries, and this was reinforced through propaganda, showing men and women as equal partners in the socialist struggle.
Money came back into use, with new bank notes being issued and backed by gold. During this time, the state had controlled all large enterprises i. The Soviet Union mainly contributed resources to the development of weapons, and constructed additional military factories as needed.
The Law on State Enterprise and the follow-up decrees about khozraschyot and self-financing in various areas of the Soviet economy were aimed at the decentralization to overcome the problems of the planned economy.How did Stalin transform the Russian economy?
InRussia faced significant economic, political and social changes.
In the next 17 years, a relatively short period of time, Russia, under Stalin would undergo domestic measures.
He justified these demands by claiming that if rapid industrialization did not take place, the Soviet Union would not be able to defend itself against an invasion from capitalist countries in the west.
Stalin told him that after the Russian Revolution the capitalist countries could have crushed the Bolsheviks: "But they waited too long. It.
How did Lenin and Stalin transform the society and economy of the USSR? After the devastation of World War I, the Revolution, and Civil War, Russia was a total wreck. Factories were in ruins and half the working class gone, either dead or returned to the farms. How did Stalin transform the Russian economy?
InRussia faced significant economic, political and social changes. In the next 17 years, a relatively short period of time, Russia, under Stalin would undergo domestic measures. Nov 12, · Watch video · Joseph Stalin () was the dictator of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) from to Under Stalin, the Soviet Union was transformed from a peasant society into an.
Stalin's Five-Year Plans helped transform the Soviet Union from an untrained society of peasants to an advanced industrial economy.
Fourth and fifth plans, – [ edit ] Stalin in promised that the USSR would be the leading industrial power byDownload